Monday, October 24, 2016

Followup: 5x Dilbit Pipelines Shutdown

I will consolidate all the articles I've written about this. But for now, a quick followup.

People have asked me: "But they took precautions! They attended safety classes. They called ahead to the 800# and reported their intentions".

Sorry, that is not good enough to mitigate the risk of causing extreme environmental catastrophe:

a) What is your proof the lines were shut down?

b) More importantly, what is your proof the saboteurs knew  that the lines were shut down?

c) EVEN IF an order had been given to shut down the lines, this DOES NOT necessarily remove all risk!

As i have been saying, there are PHYSICS involved.

Dilbit is very heavy, and was under high pressure. Kinetic energy is m*v^2.

Its like putting a child in front of a freight train moving at 80MPH and claiming that its safe because you called the operator.

No, you cannot stop a 11,000 ton train instantly due to stored kinetic energy. The same with a high pressure dilbit pipeline.

If I announced I didn't like shopping malls, and that I was going in to a mall and start shooting off automatic weapons randomly, and then actually do it, the fact that I called ahead does not necessarily mitigate the risk involved.

Deia and these others were not "filming a protest". She was filming intentional sabotage of a live, high pressure dilbit pipeline. Which carries extreme risk of causing environmental harms and not what I would call nonviolent.

I believe strongly in the freedom of the press, and I have been a videographer at dozens of NVDA actions, and even participated in a few, was arrested once for such.

But turning valves on an active pipeline is beyond putting your own life on the line.

It is putting the lives of many beings on the line.

I do not approve of what these people did, but I do understand why some people could justify it, due to the climate emergency.

There are many ways this can produce harmful blowback.

1) really bad press: labeling environmentalists as terrorists and saboteurs, and not protectors, poisoning our movement in the minds of many people

2) Risk of real grave environmental harms

3) It was widely reported that this action was taken "In solidarity with Standing Rock". Almost every news story had an association with "Standing Rock".

However, a principle of the Jemez Principles of Democratic Organizing says,

"Let People Speak for Themselves"

As far as I can see, Standing Rock is a legitimate movement based on the principles of nonviolence to a high degree.

So what if people are engaging in intentional sabotage of active pipelines, and claiming an association with Standing Rock, yet their actions are such which would never be undertaken or condoned by the Standing Rock leadership? How could this impact the police response at Standing Rock? We are already seen an extreme escalation of violence against them.

4) How will this impact the ability of legitimate researchers such as myself to gain access to technical data regarding pipelines? The NPMS system is already badly broken in several ways, *intentionally*, to dissuade "terrorists" from learning about critical infrastructure.  I note here that NPMS has been down for two days. Related?

May you, and all beings
be happy and free from suffering :)
-- ancient Buddhist Prayer (Metta)

Sunday, October 23, 2016

Jim Willis: Fracking fluids 4x more concentrated coming back up than going in!

Sometimes I read Tom Shepstone's blog. Someone has to keep an eye on the opposition. It's painful to endure...

But sometimes I find some gems. Like this:

In this article, guest viewpoint by Jim Willis of MDN-- the purpose of which ostensibly is to trash the Park Foundation, Duke University, and the prove the safety of fracking-- I found this curious statement, trying to justify how fracking flowback fluids are safe:

"Our new analysis, however, shows that [chemical-laden fracking fluids]  only account for between 4 and 8 percent of wastewater being generated over the productive lifetime of fracked wells ...."

Recall we were always told that the dangerous chemicals only amounted to 1-2% of the injected fluids. There are dozens of citations online as to these percentages, including the NY rdSGEIS.

So somehow, these poisons become 4x more concentrated when they come up out of the ground? (Maybe the dry shale absorbs the water, but not the chemicals? Who knows what the mechanism might be...)

But that's OK, it's perfectly safe as these poisons have beneficial uses?

Um, OK...

Another gas industry PR Fail.

May you, and all beings
be happy and free from suffering :)
-- ancient Buddhist Prayer (Metta)

Saturday, October 22, 2016

My comment on Deia Schlosberg and the 5x Dilbit Pipelines shutdown action

I left this as a comment on this article:

This took me a lot of introspection and deliberation before I concluded that I agree that there should be broad journalistic immunity. We have embedded journalists in the US Military, why not the climate movement?

Let me explain why this was so difficult for me.

FIRST-- I DO what Deia does! I am a climate activist. I have been to the front lines as a videographer and recorded dozens of NVDA direct actions. I have also participated in several blockades and disruptions targeting fossil fuel infrastructure. I have been arrested for my intentional, thoughtful action to #shutitdown.

I am a huge fan of NVDA as a strategy, since administrative remedies almost always fail. I have attended several NVDA trainings, and I have even organized such.

So what's the deal? Where was my conflict? Should be a no-brainer, right?

Wrong. This action was very different than other actions I have recorded as a Indymedia journalist, and participated in.

I wear many hats. In addition to being a videographer, I am also a map maker, blogger, and pipeline safety researcher for the last 4 years.

I have studied several pipeline failures in great detail: Sissonville WV, Salem PA (both gas), and Mayflower AR (dilbit). Dilbit is the tar sands product being transported in the 5x pipelines shut down in the action Deia was filming.

No one knows exactly why the Exxon Mobil Pegasus pipeline failed when and where it did. But I have a theory, published in 2013, that it was a chain of events beginning with a failed pressure sensor, and an **improperly closed block valve**. (you can find this on my blog).

The Mayflower spill was a catastrophe. The people there are still experiencing health impacts. The cleanup is still happening 3 years later. The damage to the environment could take 50 years to recover from. Many trees, birds, and fish were killed.

What these people did was close block valves on 5 active, high pressure Dilbit pipelines. These pipelines have very large forces involved (physics), and are very complex systems. Starting up and shutting down these systems is non-trivial, requires specialized knowledge & coordinated efforts amongst dozens of people spanning sometimes thousands of miles.

What these people did was essentially industrial sabotage. And they CREATED the conditions for a pipeline failure.

The essence of Nonviolent Direct Action (NVDA) is putting *your own body* in harms way. But no one has the right to put others in harms way.

I am not a big fan of police or jails, but I do believe that if there is any reason to use physical, restraining force against a citizen, that is when they, by their actions, put others in harms way (or cause actual harm).

My analogy is, let's say someone thinks shopping malls are bad. (I agree!) But let's say their remedy is to go into a mall and start shooting off automated weapons. Even if no one got hurt, I think most would agree this deserves physical, restraining force to stop them. In order to protect public safety. This is the essence of police powers.

Now I realize these folks took some training classes, spoke with engineers, and called the 800# to the pipeline operators telling them what they were going to do. However, I do not believe anyone has enough specialized knowledge or can take enough precautions to mitigate all the risks involved.

This action had the possible consequence of harm to many living beings. This violates the principle of Nonviolence, and the Precautionary Principle.

This was clearly a symbolic action. The purpose of a symbolic action is gaining positive press and changing minds.

However, this action, especially if there had been a rupture, had the potential of contaminating one or more watersheds for 50+ years, and generating extremely bad press, which could poison this movement in the eyes of many people.

I do support the release of Deia and all charges dropped against her and the others doing media work, and broad immunity for the press in such cases.

However, I do not condone acts of sabotage of live pipelines which puts the lives of many living beings in jeopardy.

I DO understand the present state of climate emergency. I DO understand we are in the middle of a mass extinction event, w/species dying off at a rate 4-5 orders of magnitude over the background rate. I DO understand the consequences of 5'C temperature rise. (could lead to a mass dieoff of 95% of all life on earth).

Thus I DO understand how some people could come to the conclusion that this kind of sabotage is necessary now to save the planet. I applaud the bravery of these people, and their careful planning, and that no rupture happened.

However, I strongly discourage and condemn these kinds of actions in general. Because the next actors may not be so lucky.

We do not want to destroy the environment, in order to save it.

Bill Huston,
Binghamton, NY

May you, and all beings
be happy and free from suffering :)
-- ancient Buddhist Prayer (Metta)

Saturday, October 15, 2016

Please Help Ray Kemble With Funeral Expenses For His Brother Veteran James Crowley Kemble

From: Craig Stevens <>
Date: Saturday, October 15, 2016
Subject: Please Help Ray Kemble With Funeral Expenses For His Brother Veteran James Crowley Kemble !

Hello Fossil Fuel Fighting Friends,

Eco-Warrior and Frack Fighter Ray Kemble's brother James Crowley Kemble
tragically and unexpectedly died last weekend at his home in Dimock, Pa.
Jamie had been living with Ray for the past few years as he was a disabled
Veteran and Ray had been making sure he made it to all his VA appointments.

The costs associated with his final expenses and burial in New Jersey at the
family resting place are overwhelming Ray as he does not have the finances.
Ray has been hanging on in Dimock trying to prove that he and his neighbors
have been systematically poisoned by the Gas drilling process in his community.

We have set up a fundraising site and all of us are trying to surround Ray with
Love and give his brother the respect and honor he deserved as a combat soldier.

Please forward this link to our Fossil Fuel fighting families around the world
to get Ray through these expenses and back on his feet for the fight to come.
We are on the verge of proving water and air contamination from drilling and
Ray has been on the leading edge for 8 years in PA, NY, CA, FL, MD, CO and more.

If you choose to send him something directly you can address it to :

Ray Kemble
11801 SR3023
Montrose, Pa. 18801
H 570-278-3111
C 570-767-1167

Thank You 
Craig L. Stevens 
Patriots From The Oil & Gas Shales
46 Year Native California Resident
5th Generation New Yorker ( Oswego )
6th Generation Landowner
Silver Lake Township, Pa. 

May you, and all beings
be happy and free from suffering :)
-- ancient Buddhist Prayer (Metta)

Tuesday, October 11, 2016

PST's (and my own) statement about today's Tar Sands Pipelines Direct Action

(Update: OCT 11 -- 9:45PM -- added list of historical accidents CAUSED by incorrectly closed valves. -- BH)

This morning, a group called "Climate Direct Action" shut down all 5 pipelines delivering Diluted Bitumen (Dilbit), sometimes incorrectly called "tar sands oil"(**) into the United States.

(** to better understand the correct usage of these terms, see: )

I don't know how far this post will reach, so in case you do not know me--

My name is William Huston. I am a climate activist, pipeline safety researcher, and videographer based in Binghamton, NY.

I believe that fighting human-caused climate catastrophe should be the #1 priority of all citizens on planet earth. There are dozens of other reasons why I fight new natural-gas, crude oil, and Diluted Bitumen pipelines

I absolutely support Nonviolent Direct Actions (NVDA), which I have helped organize.

I have been to the front lines dozens of times, usually in my videographer role, but I also have been personally arrested for NVDA, which I made with intent, related to stopping new fossil fuel infrastructure ...

Below is a statement by Carl Weimer of the Pipeline Safety Trust about this action, which I agree with. Here first is my own:

I support NVDA -- UNLESS IT PUTS LIVES IN JEOPARDY, human or otherwise.

Closing down valves on active pipeline, by people who probably don't have diagrams, or specialized knowledge of valves and cross-connects, against active pumping stations, is really a BLOODY STUPID THING TO DO, b/c it could actually CAUSE a rupture.

Presumably this is something all of us want to PREVENT.

I hope this note reaches others who might be planning similar actions. PLEASE DO NOT do things which put lives at risk.

NOT ONLY for actual risk to life, but also because it can poison our movement in the eyes of the masses.

Remember, this was a SYMBOLIC action. I don't believe any of these people thought this would be a permanent fix. These pipelines were down for a few hours, tops. This will have no real impact on anything, apart from publicity.

So when you are doing a symbolic action, you have to carefully consider how people will receive this, and whether it will move people to join your cause.

This action was, IMO, incredibly stupid both in the grave risk to life it CREATED, but also in terms of negative publicity.

Be smart, friends.

From Carl Weimer, Pipeline Safety Trust

QUOTE: While we certainly understand the activists concerns with the lack of speed to address climate change we think that illegally closing valves is a dangerous stunt that really does little to address these people's concerns. The Pipeline Safety Trust was founded in part because a valve closed unexpectedly causing a pressure surge that ruptured a pipeline killing three young men. Closing valves on major pipelines can have unexpected consequences endangering people and the environment. We do not support this type of action, and think it is dangerous.



This just in from Mike Holmstrom, pipeline safety historian:
From: Mike Holmstrom
Date: Tuesday, October 11, 2016
Subject: [safepipelines] Activists Reportedly Shut Down Five Pipelines Carrying Tar Sands Oil Into U.S.

OK, for the record, here's some pipelines ruptured by shutting a valve while pumps were on:

1959 A worker on gas transmission pipeline was closing a valve, when it exploded near Newton, Pennsylvania on September 25. The worker was killed, and another worker was injured.

1973 On December 6, a pump station on an ammonia pipeline near Conway, Kansas, was started against a closed valve, and the pipeline failed in a previously damaged section. Two persons who drove through the ammonia vapors were hospitalized; several rural residents were evacuated from the area; and 89,796 US gallons (339,910 L) of anhydrous ammonia were lost.

1974 On August 13, an ammonia pipeline failed near Hutchinson, Kansas after a pump station was started against a closed valve. 3 police officers were treated for ammonia inhalation; approximately 200 persons were evacuated from the area of the vapors; trees, lawns, shrubbery, and crops were chemically burned; and an estimated 11,000 fish were killed.

1975 A Mid-Valley Pipeline crude oil pipeline at Lima, Ohio ruptured after a valve was accidentally closed against a pumping pipeline on January 17. The spraying crude oil ignited, killing a Terminal Operator.

1975 An LPG pipeline ruptured near Romulus, Michigan, due to previous mechanical damage to the pipeline, and over pressurization from operator error, caused by closing a valve against a pumping pipeline, at a storage facility. Nine people were injured in the following vapor cloud fire. Flames 500 feet (150 m) high engulfed a 600-foot (180 m)-diameter area, destroyed four houses and damaged three others, burned 12 vehicles, and consumed 2,389 barrels (379.8 m3) of propane.

1978 An Amoco crude oil pipeline leaked into the Farmington Bay Waterfowl Management Area west of Farmington, Utah on November 7. About 105,000 gallons of crude were spilled. The rupture was caused by pumping against a valve that had been closed for earlier pipeline maintenance.

1980 A pipeline carrying naphtha ruptured under a street in Long Beach, California, causing a fire that destroyed one home and damaged several others. Two people were injured. Lack of communication of pipeline valve setups, and pressure relief valves set to open at too high a pressure were identified by the NTSB as causes of the accident.

1993 On September 15, an 8-inch NORCO Pipeline Co. line ruptured in east Indiana, just west of Edgerton, Ohio, spilling about 30,000 gallons of diesel fuel. There was a 4 foot long rupture in the pipeline, and some of the diesel entered Fish Creek, killing wildlife. The rupture was caused by pumping against a closed valve. Later, NORCO and ARCO agreed to pay $2.8 million for the spill in US District Court.

1994 On October 8, a lightning strike shut a valve on a Koch Industries crude oil pipeline crossing Gum Hollow Creek, while oil was flowing, triggering a pressure buildup that ripped a 50-square-inch hole in a section of the pipe that was already weakened by corrosion. Pipeline employees — unaware of the rupture in the pipe — turned the pipeline pumps back on after the pipeline shut down automatically, sending oil pouring into the creek for about an hour. The spill created a 12-mile (19 km)-long slick on Nueces and Corpus Christi bays along the Texas Gulf Coast.

1996 A Colonial Pipeline stubline in Murfreesboro, Tennessee was undergoing maintenance on November 5. The pipeline was returned to service, but a valve on that pipeline was accidentally left closed from the maintenance, causing pressure from restarting to rupture the pipeline.

There's other such incidents, I'm sure.

Intentional closing of valves can be destructive! And, don't expect Homeland Security to ignore such incidents, resulting in heavy penalties for this.

-Mike Holmstrom

----- end ------

May you, and all beings
be happy and free from suffering :)
-- ancient Buddhist Prayer (Metta)

Thursday, October 6, 2016

New Tool for est. Potential Impact Radius (PIR)

Hi all,

As you may know, I've worked for several years collecting
real-world data, in an effort to calibrate the "Potential
Impact Radius" (PIR) formula used by PHMSA and industry
to estimate impacts from the failure of natural gas pipelines.

A nice summary and introduction to this work is here: (although there is probably room for improvement).

Several people have asked me for a better way to estimate
natural gas pipeline impacts, based on my research.

So I created this online tool.

Just enter 3 items into the orange boxes.
The pipeline diameter, Max Allowable Operating Pressure (MAOP),
and the name of the pipeline.

In the example below, I used the parameters for the
AIM pipeline. 850 psig MAOP, 42" Diameter.

After you do that, scroll down to see the calculations.

I give 2 overall values: Estimated Major Impact Radius, and Estimated Minor Impact Radius.

I define "Major Impacts" as scorched earth, and major structural damage. This is the "incineration zone", complete loss of property and life.

I define "Minor Impacts" as anything which could warrant an insurance claim, such as warped or melted siding.

At the end, you get a nice graphic with a summary for your pipeline.

The BLACK bar is the predicted PIR using the flawed existing formula.
The RED is my estimate of Major Impact Radius (incineration zone).
The ORANGE is my estimate of the Minor Impact Radius.

I use 3 methods to calculate each.
I would suggest using the max value for both the Red and Orange columns. 

So this shows the PREDICTED PIR for the AIM pipeline is 845'ft.

However, according to my calculations, a better estimate for the upper bound of MAJOR impacts (incineration zone, complete destruction) is 1440 feet, and an upper bound for minor impacts (heat flux, melted siding) is 2788'ft.

This is my idea of an Upper Bound which should never be exceed.
If I every find an accident with larger impacts, then I alter my formula.

These are NOT typical impacts. This is meant to represent a worst-case scenario with special factors which contribute to impacts, such as a) long burn time, b) wet gas, c) presence of fuel/accelerants such as trees, homes, chemicals, or roads, d) topography (hills/valleys), e) weather conditions, etc.

NOTE WELL that I have NO DATA for any pipeline failures greater than 36". So if you are dealing with a 42" pipeline, understand that my numbers may be low (but still should be more realistic than with the PHMSA formula).

Please give it a try and let me know what you think:

I consider this to be a Beta Release, so there may be some
typos or rendering bugs....

I hope this is helpful,

May you, and all beings
be happy and free from suffering :)
-- ancient Buddhist Prayer (Metta)

Friday, September 30, 2016


Well, the comment period for the i3 Elecrtonics SPDES permit is now closed.

I just logged in to the account for "Concerned Citizens of Endicott" and am overwhelmed by all of wonderful comments made to DEC which were forwarded to me.

(I'd estimate around 25 quality comments?)

Presumably, there were others sent to DEC which we were not CC'd on.

I was panicked a few weeks ago, feeling abandoned by the NGO's and the lack of certain big-name water warriors in NY helping us.

It's what I call the "not enough" curse. I heard this so many times from event organizers in 5 years of fighting fracking. Often, "I wish more people had shown up". But we have a ban now, so clearly we had enough!

And we DID have some big names helping us, and one NGO came through in a major way: Sierra Club.

I will compile all these comments shortly. But for now, let me thanks some of the people whom I feel helped out in a major way:

Rachel Treichler, esq
John Barone, esq
Ann Khanna, esq
Dr. Ron Bishop
Roger Downs, Sierra Club
Scott Lauffer,
Sierra Club, Susquehanna Group
Jim Little, WBESC
Western Broome Environmental Stakeholders Coalition
Mark Bacon, CCoE
Gerri Wiley, RN
Gudrun Scott, RN
Valdi & Karen Weiderpass
Broome-Tioga Green Party
NY Assembly Member Donna Lupardo

...probably a few I'm forgetting...

Thanks to EVERYONE who came to a meeting, took the plant tour, drove to the outfall and looks for flow or took samples, shared one of our memes or emails, spoke at the hearing, and/or filed a comment on the docket.

I am overwhelmed w/Joy.
Let's hope it makes a difference.

Bill Huston,
Concerned Citizens of Endicott

May you, and all beings
be happy and free from suffering :)
-- ancient Buddhist Prayer (Metta)

Sunday, September 25, 2016

An open letter to Sandra Steingraber

Dear Sandra Steingraber:

Wise woman, Clan Mother, Natural Leader, Elder, Friend...

Will you please pledge to endorse candidates who represents your values, w/r/t climate?

Specifically, will you endorse Jill Stein for President?

These are exceptional times. This requires super-rational thinking and bold, compassionate action.

If we get 50M people, Jill wins!

Consider 400,000 people in NYC for the PCM 2014.

Consider Bernie's real impact. Over 2 Million People attended a Bernie Sanders rally!! There were easily 10 others who wanted to come for each who did.

50M is a totally do-able number!
I have seen many miracles happen standing in your presence.

If you would endorse Jill Stein, I could get 10,000 others to do so also. Maybe more. I could get 10 celebrities of the climate movement to sign on.

IMAGINE 100 Climate Leaders saying: VOTE FOR YOUR VALUES!


Thank you for your consideration.

May you, and all beings
be happy and free from suffering :)
-- ancient Buddhist Prayer (Metta)

Thursday, September 15, 2016

Salem: Spectra found 30% wall loss in 2012 and took no action.

This is incredible.

New info in the Salem, Westmoreland Co., PA failure of the TETCO (Spectra).
in 2012. An inline inspection found 30% wall loss!!
And Spectra took no action.

Four years later it failed, scarred a man for life, destroyed his home,

Andy Drake, vice president of operations for the Houston-based company, says the corrosion was revealed during a 2012 inline-pipeline inspection. It showed a 30 percent decrease in the thickness of the pipeline's wall.

"It was very small. It was smaller than any threshold we would have been required to [take] action on or investigate," Drake says. "The anomaly grew at a significantly higher rate than anything we've seen in the past."

Spectra says, essentially, it failed sooner then we expected.

30% wall loss seems like significant corrosion to me.
Why did Spectra do nothing?

The Spectra rep quoted in this article indicates they have prioritized all of their anomalies, and concluded a spot of 30% loss in a Class-1 area, doesn't make the cut in 4 years.

This makes perfect sense from a cost-benefit equation,
but is astounding from a pipeline safety perspective.

Line 27 was installed in 1981.
So even if we assume linear rate of corrosion,
then we have about 1% wall loss per year.
30% in 30 years.

The Spectra guy is saying is they took no action
(essentially) because 1% corrosion per
year is nominal, 30% loss is not an action threshold
(at least not in Class-1), and they have worse problems
in the field.

Sweet baby Jesus.

So he is implying, something site-specific happened since 2012
which increased the rate of corrosion FASTER than 1% per year,
which is what they expected.

My head is swimming contemplating this question:

If 1% per year is considered nominal wall loss
even with best technology in 1981 inc. CP,
and a spot of 30% loss is non-actionable... wow.

What does this imply about the shape of our national pipeline system?

IMO-- PIPELINE OPERATORS should prioritize the following sites
for evacuation and inspection: Corrosion anomalies near:
  • 1) wet areas (e.g., creekbeds)
  • 2) within 5 miles downstream of a compressor
  • 3) nearby sources of stray DC, such as CP systems from foreign pipelines (at crossings and/or co-located ROWs), bridges, railroads, storage tanks, or other sites where CP is used.



May you, and all beings
be happy and free from suffering :)
-- ancient Buddhist Prayer (Metta)

Thursday, September 8, 2016

New from DEC re: i3 Electronics SPDES renewal : SEQR info!

When: Wed, Sept 14th, 5pm.
Where:  U-E High School, 1200 E Main St, Endicott, NY 13760
What: DEC Hearing on the i3 Electronics SPDES permit (pollution permit)

I hope you all got a copy of the new "enhanced" SEQR review from DEC yesterday.

Interesting, I've been studying the NY State Environmental Law:
SEQRA in relation to the i3 Electronics, Inc SPDES permit.
There are SEVERAL opportunities along the way to declare that there are "No Significant Impacts".
This is NOT GOOD. It almost encourages DEC staff to NOT perform a full review.

The first chart shows basically how the environmental review is supposed to happen
(getting to the Green Oval).

​The whole point of the Environmental Review is to create the EIS,
Environmental Impact Statement.

I had to review this video by Dr. Ingraffea about what an EIS is for:
Just watch the first 3 min.
Ingraffea says an EIS should
  • Identify Environmental Impacts
  • Assess them for severity
  • Propose Mitigations or Prohibitions
But we never get to this point if this is an "unlisted action" or a "Type-II action".

Now observe the second chart:

​It is the same as the first, only it also shows (blue highlight) that the original 2011 DEC Pilot program was a SECRET Type-II action, whereby some DEC administrator signed off on the statement "Finding of No Significant Impacts" WITHOUT an actual environmental review!

Now the present hearing is for a SPDES renewal and modification is considered by the DEC to be of SUCH LOW CONSEQUENCE (think about something trivial, e.g., the Governor picking up a pen) that the DEC calls it an "unlisted action".

(your tax dollars at work)

Also interesting is that DEC tells us there are 9 leachate trucks per day, and 23 non-leachate trucks (but does not explain what these other trucks are for!).

Only their numbers don't add up! They show the truck capacities as being "6,400 to 8,300 gallons", and we also know there is 80,000 gallons per day. Do the math: 80,000 gallons / 9 trucks is = 8,889 gallons in a truck, which is GREATER than the largest truck which DEC tells us about!

In actual fact, we have seen 2 different sized trucks coming from Seneca Meadows.
I have estimated them to be a) 5,600 gallons, and b) 8,000 gal.

We know each truck makes 2 trips/day = 4 trucks from Seneca Meadows.

We also know Broome County uses a smaller capacity truck, 5,600 gallons.

This means JUST FOR LEACHATE there are 4+9 or 4+10
= 13 or 14 trucks per day.
+23 non-leachate trucks/day
= 36 or 37 trucks PER DAY just for the i3 WWTP.
* 5 days/week = 180-185 trucks per week!!!!!


May you, and all beings
be happy and free from suffering :)
-- ancient Buddhist Prayer (Metta)